Types of Wagers & Pools
By Dana Byerly, Hello Race Fans Co-founder
As as you may well know there are many types of wagers, from the straightforward win bet to the more elaborate Pick 6. All of the money for each type of bet is kept together in a pool and sometimes you might hear folks refer to a wager as a pool.
For those of you who don’t spend all day at the track (yet!), the most likely place you’d hear the word pool being used is in your friendly neighborhood office Super Bowl pool or the Kentucky Derby Future Wagers, which are typically referred to as pool 1, pool 2 or pool 3. The tote board displays totals for pools, and in future articles in our Wagering Strategy section we’ll discuss the finer points of incorporating the amounts of money in the pools into your wagering decisions.
You can learn how to place these wagers here, but let’s first make sure you know what each of the wagers are!
Selecting the winner of the race. Your horse must win in order for you to cash a ticket.
If your horse wins or comes in second you cash a ticket, but you get only the place payout.
If your horse comes in first, second or third you cash a ticket, but you get only the show payout.
Stands for “win, place, show”, also known as “across the board”. This places a win, place and show bet on your selection, which is three wagers. I like to think of this as an “ease of use” wager. If your horse wins you get the win, place AND show payout. You’d say “$2 across the board on #3” to place this wager.
Exotic Bets – Single Race
Selecting the first and second place finishers in exact order.
Selecting the first and second place finishers in either order (if you select #7 & #9 you cash a ticket as long as both finish first and second).
Selecting the first, second and third place finishers in exact order.
Selecting the first, second, third and forth place finishers in exact order.
For any of the single race exotics you can “box” your wager. This means that any of your selections can finish in any order depending on the wager. For example an exacta box is similar to quinella in that as long as your selections run one and two you cash a ticket. A two horse exacta box is two wagers and therefore costs double the money. Accordingly and to your benefit, it pays more than the quinella. A $2 exacta box of two horses is $4. A $1 trifecta box of three horses is $6. You can box as many horses as you like, but it can get pricey!
Used with exactas, trifectas and superfectas, you select a single horse to win (the key) and other horses to come in second, third and fourth depending on the wager.
For example, with a trifecta, putting two horses under your key selection would be two bets. Let’s say you want to key #7 over #1 and #8. This would be one a wager of #7 over #1 over #8 (usually written as 7 /1 / 8) and another wager of #7 over #8 over #1 (7 / 8 / 1). You would say to the teller “I’d like a $2 trifecta of #7 over #1 and #8” and your wager would cost $4. Or, you could say “I’d like a $2 trifecta keying #7 over #1 and #8. There’s an easy to use formula on how to figure out the cost of your wagers in the Cost of Wagers and Approximate Payouts article.
A wheel is similar to a key, just with more horses and potentially variations in the how you position the horses. With this type of wager you’d select more than one horse in the top spot, essentially “wheeling” horses “up and down” – or placing a horse in more than one position in your wagers.
For example, you could have a trifecta that looks like this: 2,5 / 2,5,7 / 1,7,9. In this case you would need #2 or #5 to win, either of those two or #7 to come in second and #1, #7 or #9 to show. If you place a $1 wager in this configuration would cost you $18 (2 horses in first position x 3 horses in second position x 3 horses in third position).
Check out some real world examples in our Wagering Strategy Q&A with Horseplayers star Peter Rotondo Jr.
Exotic Bets – Multiple Race
Wagers involving multiple races must be placed before the first race in the sequence. Please make sure you check out Steve Crist’s contribution to the Letter to a New Horseplayer series. He’s the publisher of the Daily Racing Form and the man who literally wrote the book on exotic wagering! He provides an excellent introduction to exotic wagering, especially multi-race exotics.
Selecting the winner in two consecutive races.
Selecting the winner in three consecutive races.
Selecting the winner in four consecutive races.
Selecting the winner in six consecutive races.
Each wager type has its own minimum amount which is set by the track. For example, some tracks offer $.50 trifectas and others require a $1 minimum wager. Also, each track has it’s own rules about what wagers are offered on a race. For example if race has fewer than five horses in it, you might not be able to play a trifecta. The types of wagers offered for a race are typically listed in the program or past performance. And if any changes occurs once the day has started, they will be displayed on the tote board.
While it can be easy to start off safe, don’t be afraid to try new things. If you like two horses, try an exacta box. Our Wagering Strategy section will have articles on the many ways you might determine how to wager. Until then, have fun… and good luck!